COMMON SENSE. By Thomas Paine. Common Sense. Addressed to the. Inhabitants of America. Man knows no Master save creating HEAVEN,. Or those whom. of Thomas. Paine's writings, but rather for the tardiness of its appearance. For . COMMON. SENSE.' INTRODUCTION. PERHAPS the sentiments contained. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we .
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Project Gutenberg · 59, free ebooks · 8 by Thomas Paine. Common Sense by Thomas Paine. Book Cover. Download; Bibrec. come to Philadelphia two years before, Common Sense became the most Thomas Paine, “Common Sense,” in William M. Van der Weyde, ed., The Life and . So. John Adams described the author of the widely-discussed pamphlet,. Common Sense, published anonymously early in Thomas Paine, the man with.
Bell zealously promoted the pamphlet in Philadelphia's papers, and demand grew so high as to require a second printing. Incensed, Paine ordered Bell not to proceed on a second edition, as he had planned several appendices to add to Common Sense.
Bell ignored this and began advertising a "new edition". While Bell believed this advertisement would convince Paine to retain his services, it had the opposite effect. Paine secured the assistance of the Bradford brothers, publishers of the Pennsylvania Evening Post , and released his new edition, featuring several appendices and additional writings. This set off a month-long public debate between Bell and the still-anonymous Paine, conducted within the pages and advertisements of the Pennsylvania Evening Post, with each party charging the other with duplicity and fraud.
Paine and Bell published several more editions through the end of their public squabble. Common Sense sold almost , copies in ,  and according to Paine, , copies were sold in the first three months. One biographer estimates that , copies sold in the first year in both America and Europe — predominantly France and Britain , and another writes that Paine's pamphlet went through twenty-five published editions in the first year alone.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Paine also granted publishing rights to nearly every imprint which requested them, including several international editions. His name did not become officially connected with the independence controversy until March 30, Ultimately, he lost money on the Bradford printing as well, and because he decided to repudiate his copyright, never did profit from Common Sense. Of the Origin and Design of Government in General, With Concise Remarks on the English Constitution[ edit ] In his first section, Paine related common Enlightenment theories of the state of nature , in order to establish a foundation for republican government.
Paine began this section by making a distinction between society and government , arguing that government is a "necessary evil. As society continues to grow, a government becomes necessary to prevent the natural evil Paine saw in man. In order to promote civil society through laws and account for the impossibility of all people meeting centrally to make laws, representation and therefore elections become necessary.
As this model was clearly intended to mirror the situation of the colonists at the time of publication, Paine went on to consider the Constitution of the United Kingdom. Paine found two tyrannies in the English constitution; monarchical and aristocratic tyranny, in the king and peers, who rule by heredity and contribute nothing to the people.
Paine criticized the English constitution by examining the relationship between the king , the peers , and the commons. Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession[ edit ] In the second section Paine considers monarchy first from a biblical perspective, then from a historical perspective. Would you accept this state of affairs? Instead, he wrote a pamphlet, Common Sense, which outlined what perfect government would look like.
So, how do you go about constructing a society the right way? This book summary will show you how.
Common Sense Key Idea 1: Human existence depends on helping each other, which gives rise to societies and rules to guide them. How many people does it take to screw in a lightbulb? Truthfully speaking, probably just one. While simple tasks of household maintenance can be accomplished alone, many other jobs in life require us to enlist the help of others. For example, when we get sick, we need other people to take care of us.
Because nobody except God is without vices and flaws. Moral shortcomings have been part and parcel of being human since we were expelled from the garden of eden.
This immoral impulse, an inherent part of our existence, causes us to harm others, since we disregard their well-being in favor of our own success. The danger of this threat necessitates rules in any human society; these are laws — statutes that govern how to behave and treat one another.
Common Sense Key Idea 2: Representative government, not monarchy, is the best way to rule a society. We all know how difficult it can be to make simple decisions with colleagues and family members.
Even small tasks like deciding what kind of takeout to order can turn into huge debates. But imagine trying to make the same decision with thousands of people. The way kings inherit their positions are contradictory to the notion that all people are equal as well.
If people chose a ruler to be their king, it does not mean that his children should govern them as well.
Book: Common Sense
When royal offsprings know that they would anyway inherit their title, what would make them work toward understanding their people and their needs? What would make them good rulers? The reality is that the more power people have, the less they need a king.
People do not need kings that only take the money and declares wars.
Such a king brings no value to them. In fact, people live under governance imposed by fear and force. Paine argues that the time for discussion has passed and that it is the time that people woke up. England does not provide its colonies with any protection since England only cares about its commercial interests. America should be free to become its own ruler.
Its riches are so vast that it would prosper even more than Great Britain. People go to America to search for the freedom they cannot seem to find in their homes.
America should keep away from the disagreements Great Britain has with the world, and peacefully conduct its own business. The American continent needs to break free. Besides, the distance between the two is too big to allow for proper and efficient governance.Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs IN the following pages I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense: and have no other preliminaries to settle with the reader, than that he will divest himself of prejudice and prepossession, and suffer his reason and his feelings to determine for themselves that he will put on, or rather that he will not put off, the true character of a man, and generously enlarge his views beyond the present day.
Even the distance at which the Almighty hath placed England and America is a strong and natural proof that the authority of the one over the other, was never the design of Heaven.
Thirty kings and two minors have reigned in that distracted kingdom since the conquest, in which time there has been including the revolution no less than eight civil wars and nineteen Rebellions. Of more worth is one honest man to society, and in the sight of God, than all the crowned ruffians that ever lived.
When royal offsprings know that they would anyway inherit their title, what would make them work toward understanding their people and their needs? That the crown is this overbearing part in the English constitution needs not be mentioned, and that it derives its whole consequence merely from being the giver of places and pensions is self-evident; wherefore, though we have been wise enough to shut and lock a door against absolute Monarchy, we at the same time have been foolish enough to put the Crown in possession of the key.
Interested men, who are not to be trusted, weak men who CANNOT see, prejudiced men who will not see, and a certain set of moderate men who think better of the European world than it deserves; and this last class, by an ill-judged deliberation, will be the cause of more calamities to this Continent than all the other three. Another evil which attends hereditary succession is, that the throne is subject to be possessed by a minor at any age; all which time the regency acting under the cover of a king have every opportunity and inducement to betray their trust.
He then proposed a system of representative government for the colonies.
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